All equipment must be sized to your amount of water usage as well as the parameters in which they are correcting. There are many different ways to treat water. We'll go over the most common ones.
The majority of homes around us require an Acid Neutralizer to raise the pH of their water. pH stands for the "potential for hydrogen". It is a scale from 0 to 14 to measure the acidity or basicity of water. 7 is neutral, below 7 is acidic and above 7 is basic. Ideally, we want our water to be between 7.0 and 8.5 for maximum safety and efficiency. Your water test results will determine the type of media the Neutralizer is filled with.
All of the vessels assembled in house come equipped with a Vortech plate. What does this mean? Vortech efficiency, without the Vortech price tag. This patented plate allows the unit to backwash more efficiently, saving up to 30% of the regeneration water needed, cuts down on the amount of salt used and provides up to a 40% better flow-rate. It also features self cleaning nozzles, eliminating potential clogging and provides an even flow to ensure you are utilizing the full media bed.
Probably the most common piece of equipment. In our area most homes need one or already have one installed. Most commonly used to treat total hardness, it can also remove ferrous(clear) iron as well as other dissolved metals. They are also required after a Neutralizer to remove the added hardness from the water.
Every home that is on a well should have a sediment filter installed. Whether you have crystal clear water or not. It will protect your appliances and fixtures from failure if anything were to change. A shift in the earth or failing equipment may stir up sediment more than usual. A sediment filter is a cheap and valuable form of insurance for your home.
RO units are most commonly used as a point of use filtration. This means the unit is only supplying filtered water to a specific faucet or refrigerator used only for drinking, cooking, and filling humidifiers or oil diffusers. A Reverse Osmosis unit can be mounted under the kitchen sink and is capable of removing up to 99% of all impurities from your water. This includes lead, arsenic, nitrates, PFAS and much more!
An Ultra Violet light is used to treat water with known bacteria or to ensure the water is bacteria free. As water passes through the sleeve, UV light will penetrate through the water eradicating all bacteria.
For any standing self cleaning vessel, backwashing is the most important function. If the unit does not backwash properly with enough flow or pressure, you can end up with dirty, blocked up media or resin that is not fully recharged. Resulting in a treatment or filtering device not doing much of either. You can see in the video above the night and day difference of the media disturbance between using a traditional gravel bed (present day economy units) versus the even swirl of the Vortech plate.